Chapter 21 Notes

San Sebastian. In 1174 King Sancho the Wise granted the city its fuero, the privilege of self-governance, because he needed a clear route to the sea. Maritime trade, based in its incredible natural harbor, began to grow, especially in whale and cod. Its close proximity to France and its position on the Camino de Santiago gave the town strategic importance and it became a walled, garrison town in the 12th C.

And the Camino de Santiago is an old pilgrimage. People came from Spain, Italy, from all over Europe, even the British Isles – there were originally six routes back in the 9th C, but they all ended at the tomb of Santiago; Santiago de Compostela. They still make the journey today, on foot, horse or bicycle, for much of it is on the original mountain passes through the Pyrenees.